1st Grade Math is arithmetic at its most basic and elementary level. It is here that a very crucial foundation is being laid.

In this course, your child will begin a "math journey"--discovering the wonder and elegance of numbers and arithmetic, and how this will help him to succeed academically and to make sense of the "mathematical order" of the world around him.

Using this program of study, your child will learn not only how to count, but also how to work skillfully with numbers up through 100, as well as beginning addition and subtraction with different combinations of numbers.

In addition to working with numbers, your child will also be introduced to using calendars, clocks, rulers and other measuring devices, and money. They will also begin to learn simple geometric shapes and even simple fractions!

The course will prepare them for 2nd Grade Math where they will begin to learn multiplication, division, and other important aspects of the next level of their journey into the elements of arithmetic.

As a homeschool teacher/parent, you will see how a strong foundation is laid for understanding arithmetic and mathematics at a young age. This will enable your child to become a better and more capable math student in future school years.


Why use this math course for first grade?

  1. In addition to learning about math facts and basic arithmetic operations, your child will also be exposed to some fun and interesting aspects of American history. That is because much of the lesson material is drawn from the everyday experiences of 19th-century life in America. This involves practical situations with people, animals and especially children, presented in an interesting and engaging way. In fact, you and your child will find that the many story problems in the book are more like fun "riddles" and puzzles to be solved rather than math problems to be worked out!
  2. The other unique thing about this course is that it bucks the modern-day trend of getting kids into "workbooks" and worksheets right away.

Probably no other aspect of the modern approach to teaching math has caused more "math anxiety" for young learners than that of rushing them into doing rows upon rows of problems on reams and reams of worksheets, especially before they have fully grasped this strange new concept of "math" and the idea of numbers and figures and "quantity" and adding and subtracting, etc..

There is a time and a place for workbooks and worksheets. 1st Grade Math is not it!


Before your child can "do math," he must get really good at counting and working with numbers in a physical, tangible way. That starts with counting things in the real world, in his immediate surroundings.

Then he must become adept at working mentally with numbers and counting and adding and subtracting. Only then can your child successfully move into writing the numbers and math symbols down on paper (or chalkboard or whatever) to represent what he has been doing mentally and visually with real-world objects.

This course focuses on getting your child well-grounded in these early stages of math understanding: visual, oral and manipulative first. Then, the mental (but still "concrete") aspects of numbers and quantity. Finally, the written aspects of figures and math symbols are introduced after the others have been fully grasped.

This course begins with simple concepts. As it progresses into more complex ones, your student will gradually move into higher and higher levels of understanding -- as quickly or as slowly as they need based on their ability to grasp the material -- emphasizing mastery not just completion of it.

This is a proven and very effective method for teaching early mathematics and is the method used in Ray's Primary Arithmetic, which is the textbook I have structured the lessons in this course around.

For this course, I have edited a shorter version of Ray’s Primary Arithmetic that includes only the first 37 lessons – the lessons that we will break down and cover for all of 1st Grade Math.

Ray’s Arithmetic is extremely effective at teaching the fundamentals of arithmetic and mathematics and there are no additional worksheets because the lesson pages ARE the worksheets!

My edited version of Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic is included as a PDF in Lesson 1, which you can try out in the preview section below.

You will need to print out this edited version and place the pages in a three-ring binder.

A benefit of this format is that your student can write directly on the pages as they go. Then the pages can be reprinted and replaced as needed, cheaply and on-demand.

(One minor note regarding how our lessons are numbered. You are about to become "reacquainted" with Roman numerals! That is how all the lessons in Ray's books are numbered. References to lessons in Ray’s Arithmetic will be made in Roman numerals. This makes it easy to distinguish from the 180 lessons for this, which are numbered with "normal" Arabic numerals: 1, 2, 3, etc..)

For more information on how this course is structured, see the "Course Overview" section in the lessons below.

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Course Curriculum

View the first five lessons for free!

  • 1

    Course Overview

    • Course Overview

  • 2

    Lesson 1: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 1

  • 3

    Lesson 2: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 2

  • 4

    Lesson 3: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 3

  • 5

    Lesson 4: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 4

  • 6

    Lesson 5: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10 (Review)

    • Lesson 5