1st Grade Math is arithmetic at its most basic and elementary level. It is here that a very crucial foundation is being laid.
In this course, your child will begin a "math journey"discovering the wonder and elegance of numbers and arithmetic, and how this will help him to succeed academically and to make sense of the "mathematical order" of the world around him.
Using this program of study, your child will learn not only how to count, but also how to work skillfully with numbers up through 100, as well as beginning addition and subtraction with different combinations of numbers.
In addition to working with numbers, your child will also be introduced to using calendars, clocks, rulers and other measuring devices, and money. They will also begin to learn simple geometric shapes and even simple fractions!
The course will prepare them for 2nd Grade Math where they will begin to learn multiplication, division, and other important aspects of the next level of their journey into the elements of arithmetic.
As a homeschool teacher/parent, you will see how a strong foundation is laid for understanding arithmetic and mathematics at a young age. This will enable your child to become a better and more capable math student in future school years.
UNIQUE
Why use this math course for first grade?
 In addition to learning about math facts and basic arithmetic operations, your child will also be exposed to some fun and interesting aspects of American history. That is because much of the lesson material is drawn from the everyday experiences of 19thcentury life in America. This involves practical situations with people, animals and especially children, presented in an interesting and engaging way. In fact, you and your child will find that the many story problems in the book are more like fun "riddles" and puzzles to be solved rather than math problems to be worked out!
 The other unique thing about this course is that it bucks the modernday trend of getting kids into "workbooks" and worksheets right away.
Probably no other aspect of the modern approach to teaching math has caused more "math anxiety" for young learners than that of rushing them into doing rows upon rows of problems on reams and reams of worksheets, especially before they have fully grasped this strange new concept of "math" and the idea of numbers and figures and "quantity" and adding and subtracting, etc..
There is a time and a place for workbooks and worksheets. 1^{st} Grade Math is not it!
METHODOLOGY
Before your child can "do math," he must get really good at counting and working with numbers in a physical, tangible way. That starts with counting things in the real world, in his immediate surroundings.
Then he must become adept at working mentally with numbers and counting and adding and subtracting. Only then can your child successfully move into writing the numbers and math symbols down on paper (or chalkboard or whatever) to represent what he has been doing mentally and visually with realworld objects.
This course focuses on getting your child wellgrounded in these early stages of math understanding: visual, oral and manipulative first. Then, the mental (but still "concrete") aspects of numbers and quantity. Finally, the written aspects of figures and math symbols are introduced after the others have been fully grasped.
This course begins with simple concepts. As it progresses into more complex ones, your student will gradually move into higher and higher levels of understanding  as quickly or as slowly as they need based on their ability to grasp the material  emphasizing mastery not just completion of it.
This is a proven and very effective method for teaching early mathematics and is the method used in Ray's Primary Arithmetic, which is the textbook I have structured the lessons in this course around.
For this course, I have edited a shorter version of Ray’s Primary Arithmetic that includes only the first 37 lessons – the lessons that we will break down and cover for all of 1^{st} Grade Math.
Ray’s Arithmetic is extremely effective at teaching the fundamentals of arithmetic and mathematics and there are no additional worksheets because the lesson pages ARE the worksheets!
My edited version of Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic is included as a PDF in Lesson 1, which you can try out in the preview section below.
You will need to print out this edited version and place the pages in a threering binder.
A benefit of this format is that your student can write directly on the pages as they go. Then the pages can be reprinted and replaced as needed, cheaply and ondemand.
(One minor note regarding how our lessons are numbered. You are about to become "reacquainted" with Roman numerals! That is how all the lessons in Ray's books are numbered. References to lessons in Ray’s Arithmetic will be made in Roman numerals. This makes it easy to distinguish from the 180 lessons for this, which are numbered with "normal" Arabic numerals: 1, 2, 3, etc..)
For more information on how this course is structured, see the "Course Overview" section in the lessons below.
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Course Curriculum
View the first five lessons for free!

1
Course Overview

Course Overview


2
Lesson 1: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

Lesson 1


3
Lesson 2: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

Lesson 2


4
Lesson 3: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

Lesson 3


5
Lesson 4: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

Lesson 4


6
Lesson 5: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10 (Review)

Lesson 5


7
Lesson 6: Numbers and Figures 11 to 20

Lesson 6


8
Lesson 7: Numbers and Figures 21 to 30

Lesson 7


9
Lesson 8: Numbers and Figures 31 to 40

Lesson 8


10
Lesson 9: Numbers and Figures 31 to 40

Lesson 9


11
Lesson 10: Numbers and Figures 11 to 40 (Review)

Lesson 10


12
Lesson 11: Numbers and Figures 41 to 50

Lesson 11


13
Lesson 12: Numbers and Figures 51 to 60

Lesson 12


14
Lesson 13: Numbers and Figures 61 to 70

Lesson 13


15
Lesson 14: Numbers and Figures Through 70

Lesson 14A

Lesson 14B


16
Lesson 15: Numbers and Figures Through 70 (Review)

Lesson 15


17
Lesson 16: Numbers and Figures 71 to 80

Lesson 16


18
Lesson 17: Numbers and Figures 81 to 90

Lesson 17


19
Lesson 18: Numbers and Figures 91 to 100

Lesson 18


20
Lesson 19: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 19A

Lesson 19B


21
Lesson 20: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

Lesson 20


22
Lesson 21: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 21


23
Lesson 22: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 22


24
Lesson 23: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 23


25
Lesson 24: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 24


26
Lesson 25: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

Lesson 25


27
Lesson 26: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 26


28
Lesson 27: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 27


29
Lesson 28: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 28


30
Lesson 29: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

Lesson 29


31
Lesson 30: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

Lesson 30


32
1st Grade Math  Test 1

Test 1


33
lesson 31: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

Lesson 31


34
Lesson 32: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

Lesson 32


35
Lesson 33: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

Lesson 33


36
Lesson 34: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

Lesson 34


37
Lesson 35: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

Lesson 35


38
Lesson 36: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

Lesson 36


39
Lesson 37: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

Lesson 37


40
Lesson 38: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

Lesson 38


41
Lesson 39: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

Lesson 39


42
Lesson 40: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

Lesson 40


43
Lesson 41: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

Lesson 41


44
Lesson 42: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

Lesson 42


45
Lesson 43: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

Lesson 43


46
Lesson 44: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

Lesson 44A

Lesson 44B


47
1st Grade Math  Test 2

Test 2


48
Lesson 46: Addition

Lesson 46


49
Lesson 47: Addition

Lesson 47


50
Lesson 48: Addition

Lesson 48


51
Lesson 49: Addition

Lesson 49


52
Lesson 50: Addition

Lesson 50


53
Lesson 51: Addition

Lesson 51A

Lesson 51B


54
Lesson 52: Addition with the Number 1

Lesson 52


55
Lesson 53: Addition with the Number 1

1st Grade Math  Lesson 53


56
Lesson 54: Addition with the Number 1

Lesson 54


57
Lesson 55: Addition with the Number 1 (Review)

1st Grade Math  Lesson 55


58
Lesson 56: Addition with the Number 2

Lesson 56


59
Lesson 57: Addition with the Number 2

Lesson 57


60
Lesson 58: Addition with the Number 2

Lesson 58


61
Lesson 59: Addition with the Number 2

Lesson 59


62
Lesson 60: Addition with the Number 2 ( Review)

Lesson 60


63
Lesson 61: Addition with the Number 3

Lesson 61


64
Lesson 62: Addition with the Number 3

Lesson 62


65
Lesson 63: Addition with the Number 3

Lesson 63


66
Lesson 64: Addition with the Number 3

Lesson 65


67
Lesson 65: Addition with the Number 3 (Review)

Lesson 65


68
Lesson 66: Addition with the Number 4

Lesson 66


69
Lesson 67: Addition with the Number 4

Lesson 67


70
Lesson 68: Addition with the Number 4

Lesson 68


71
Lesson 69: Addition with the Number 4

Lesson 69


72
Lesson 70: Addition with the Number 4 (Review)

Lesson 70


73
Lesson 71: Addition with 5

Lesson 71


74
Lesson 72: Addition with 5

Lesson 72


75
Lesson 73: Addition with 5

Lesson 73


76
Lesson 74: Addition with 5

Lesson 74


77
Lesson 75: Addition with 5 (Review)

Lesson 75


78
Lesson 76: Addition with the Number 6

Lesson 76


79
Lesson 77: Addition with the Number 6

Lesson 77


80
Lesson 78: Addition with the Number 6

Lesson 78A

Lesson 78B


81
Lesson 79: Addition with the Number 6

Lesso 79


82
Lesson 80: Addition with the Number 6 (Review)

Lesson 80


83
Lesson 81: Addition with the Number 7

Lesson 81


84
Lesson 82: Addition with the Number 7

Lesson 82


85
Lesson 83: Addition with the Number 7

Lesson 83


86
Lesson 84: Addition with the Number 7

Lesson 84


87
Lesson 85: Addition with the Number 7 (Review)

Lesson 85


88
Lesson 86: Addition with the Number 8

Lesson 86


89
Lesson 87: Addition with the Number 8

Lesson 87


90
Lesson 88: Addition with the Number 8

Lesson 88


91
Lesson 89: Addition with the Number 8

Lesson 89


92
Lesson 90: Addition with the Number 9 (Review)

Lesson 90A

Lesson 90B


93
Lesson 91: Addition with the Number 9

Lesson 91


94
Lesson 92: Addition with the Number 9

Lesson 92


95
Lesson 93: Addition with the Number 9

Lesson 93


96
Lesson 94: Addition with the Number 9

Lesson 94


97
Lesson 95: Addition with the Number 9 (Review)

Lesson 95


98
Lesson 96: Addition with the Number 10

Lesson 96


99
Lesson 97: Addition with the Number 10

Lesson 97


100
Lesson 98: Addition with the Number 10

Lesson 98


101
Lesson 99: Addition with the Number 10

Lesson 99


102
Lesson 100: Addition with the Number 10 (Review)

Lesson 100


103
Lesson 101: Addition Review

Lesson 101


104
Lesson 102: Addition Review

Lesson 102A

Lesson 102B


105
Lesson 103: Addition Review

Lesson 103


106
Lesson 104: Addition Review

Lesson 104


107
Lesson 105: Addition Review

Lesson 105


108
Lesson 106: Addition Review

Lesson 106


109
Lesson 107: Addition Review

Lesson 107A

Lesson 107B


110
Lesson 108: Addition Review

Lesson 108A

Lesson 108B


111
Lesson 109: Addition Review

Lesson 109A

Lesson 109B


112
Lesson 110: Addition Review

Lesson 110


113
Lesson 111: Addition Review

Lesson 111


114
Lesson 112: Addition Review

Lesson 112


115
Lesson 113: Addition Review

Lesson 113


116
Lesson 114: Addition Review

Lesson 114


117
Lesson 115: Addition Review

Test 3A

Test 3B


118
Lesson 116: Subtraction

Lesson 116


119
Lesson 117: Subtraction

Lesson 117


120
Lesson 118: Subtraction

Lesson 118


121
Lesson 119: Subtraction

Lesson 119


122
Lesson 120: Subtraction (Review)

Lesson 120


123
Lesson 121: Subtraction with 1

Lesson 121A

Lesson 121B


124
Lesson 122: Subtraction with 1

Lesson 122


125
Lesson 123: Subtraction with 1

Lesson 123


126
Lesson 124: Subtraction with 1

Lesson 124


127
Lesson 125: Subtraction with 1 (Review)

Lesson 125


128
Lesson 126: Subtraction with 2

Lesson 126


129
Lesson 127: Subtraction with 2

Lesson 127


130
Lesson 128: Subtraction with 2

Lesson 128


131
Lesson 129: Subtraction with 2

Lesson 129


132
Lesson 130: Subtraction with 2

Lesson 130


133
Lesson 131: Subtraction with 3

Lesson 131


134
Lesson 132: Subtraction with 3

Lesson 132


135
Lesson 133: Subtraction with 3

Lesson 133


136
Lesson 134: Subtraction with 3

Lesson 134


137
Lesson 135: Subtraction with 3 (Review)

Lesson 135


138
Lesson 136: Subtraction with 4

Lesson 136


139
Lesson 137: Subtraction with 4

Lesson 137


140
Lesson 138: Subtraction with 4

Lesson 138


141
Lesson 139: Subtraction with 4

Lesson 139


142
Lesson 140: Subtraction with 4 (Review)

Lesson 140


143
Lesson 141: Subtraction with 5

Lesson 141


144
Lesson 142: Subtraction with 5

Lesson 142


145
Lesson 143: Subtraction with 5

Lesson 143


146
Lesson 144: Subtraction with 5

Lesson 144


147
Lesson 145: Subtracting with 5 (Review)

Lesson 145


148
Lesson 146: Subtraction with 6

Lesson 146


149
Lesson 147: Subtraction with 6

Lesson 147


150
Lesson 148: Subtraction with 6

Lesson 148


151
Lesson 149: Subtraction with 6

Lesson 149


152
Lesson 150: Subtraction with 6 (Review)

Lesson 150


153
Lesson 151: Subtraction with 7

Lesson 151


154
Lesson 152: Subtraction with 7

Lesson 152


155
Lesson 153: Subtraction with 7

Lesson 153


156
Lesson 154: Subtraction with 7

Lesson 154


157
Lesson 155: Subtraction with 7 (Review)

Lesson 155


158
Lesson 156: Subtraction with 8

Lesson 156


159
Lesson 157: Subtraction with 8

Lesson 157


160
Lesson 158: Subtraction with 8

Lesson 158


161
Lesson 159: Subtraction with 8

Lesson 159


162
Lesson 160: Subtraction with 8 (Review)

Lesson 160


163
Lesson 161: Subtraction with 9

Lesson 161


164
Lesson 162: Subtraction with 9

Lesson 162


165
Lesson 163: Subtraction with 9

Lesson 163


166
Lesson 164: Subtraction with 9

Lesson 164


167
Lesson 165: Subtraction with 9 (Review)

Lesson 165


168
Lesson 166: Subtraction with 10

Lesson 166


169
Lesson 167: Subtraction with 10

Lesson 167


170
Lesson 168: Subtraction with 10

Lesson 168


171
Lesson 169: Subtraction with 10

Lesson 169


172
Lesson 170: Subtraction with 10 (Review)

Lesson 170


173
Lesson 171: Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

Lesson 171


174
Lesson 172: Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

Lesson 172


175
Lesson 173: Addition and Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

Lesson 173


176
Lesson 174: Addition and Subtraction Review (2 of 2)

Lesson 174


177
Lesson 175: Addition and Subtraction Review

Lesson 175


178
Lesson 176: Subtraction Review

Lesson 176A

Lesson 176B


179
Lesson 177: Subtraction Review

Lesson 177


180
Lesson 178: Subtraction

Lesson 178


181
Lesson 179: Subtraction

Lesson 179


182
Lesson 180: Subtraction Unit Test

Test 4A

Test 4B
