1st Grade Math is arithmetic at its most basic and elementary level. It is here that a very crucial foundation is being laid.

In this course, your child will begin a "math journey"--discovering the wonder and elegance of numbers and arithmetic, and how this will help him to succeed academically and to make sense of the "mathematical order" of the world around him.

Using this program of study, your child will learn not only how to count, but also how to work skillfully with numbers up through 100, as well as beginning addition and subtraction with different combinations of numbers.

In addition to working with numbers, your child will also be introduced to using calendars, clocks, rulers and other measuring devices, and money. They will also begin to learn simple geometric shapes and even simple fractions!

The course will prepare them for 2nd Grade Math where they will begin to learn multiplication, division, and other important aspects of the next level of their journey into the elements of arithmetic.

As a homeschool teacher/parent, you will see how a strong foundation is laid for understanding arithmetic and mathematics at a young age. This will enable your child to become a better and more capable math student in future school years.

UNIQUE

Why use this math course for first grade?

  1. In addition to learning about math facts and basic arithmetic operations, your child will also be exposed to some fun and interesting aspects of American history. That is because much of the lesson material is drawn from the everyday experiences of 19th-century life in America. This involves practical situations with people, animals and especially children, presented in an interesting and engaging way. In fact, you and your child will find that the many story problems in the book are more like fun "riddles" and puzzles to be solved rather than math problems to be worked out!
  2. The other unique thing about this course is that it bucks the modern-day trend of getting kids into "workbooks" and worksheets right away.

Probably no other aspect of the modern approach to teaching math has caused more "math anxiety" for young learners than that of rushing them into doing rows upon rows of problems on reams and reams of worksheets, especially before they have fully grasped this strange new concept of "math" and the idea of numbers and figures and "quantity" and adding and subtracting, etc..

There is a time and a place for workbooks and worksheets. 1st Grade Math is not it!

METHODOLOGY

Before your child can "do math," he must get really good at counting and working with numbers in a physical, tangible way. That starts with counting things in the real world, in his immediate surroundings.

Then he must become adept at working mentally with numbers and counting and adding and subtracting. Only then can your child successfully move into writing the numbers and math symbols down on paper (or chalkboard or whatever) to represent what he has been doing mentally and visually with real-world objects.

This course focuses on getting your child well-grounded in these early stages of math understanding: visual, oral and manipulative first. Then, the mental (but still "concrete") aspects of numbers and quantity. Finally, the written aspects of figures and math symbols are introduced after the others have been fully grasped.

This course begins with simple concepts. As it progresses into more complex ones, your student will gradually move into higher and higher levels of understanding -- as quickly or as slowly as they need based on their ability to grasp the material -- emphasizing mastery not just completion of it.

This is a proven and very effective method for teaching early mathematics and is the method used in Ray's Primary Arithmetic, which is the textbook I have structured the lessons in this course around.

For this course, I have edited a shorter version of Ray’s Primary Arithmetic that includes only the first 37 lessons – the lessons that we will break down and cover for all of 1st Grade Math.

Ray’s Arithmetic is extremely effective at teaching the fundamentals of arithmetic and mathematics and there are no additional worksheets because the lesson pages ARE the worksheets!

My edited version of Ray’s New Primary Arithmetic is included as a PDF in Lesson 1, which you can try out in the preview section below.

You will need to print out this edited version and place the pages in a three-ring binder.

A benefit of this format is that your student can write directly on the pages as they go. Then the pages can be reprinted and replaced as needed, cheaply and on-demand.

(One minor note regarding how our lessons are numbered. You are about to become "reacquainted" with Roman numerals! That is how all the lessons in Ray's books are numbered. References to lessons in Ray’s Arithmetic will be made in Roman numerals. This makes it easy to distinguish from the 180 lessons for this, which are numbered with "normal" Arabic numerals: 1, 2, 3, etc..)

For more information on how this course is structured, see the "Course Overview" section in the lessons below.

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Course Curriculum

View the first five lessons for free!

  • 1

    Course Overview

    • Course Overview

  • 2

    Lesson 1: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 1

  • 3

    Lesson 2: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 2

  • 4

    Lesson 3: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 3

  • 5

    Lesson 4: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10

    • Lesson 4

  • 6

    Lesson 5: Numbers and Figures 1 to 10 (Review)

    • Lesson 5

  • 7

    Lesson 6: Numbers and Figures 11 to 20

    • Lesson 6

  • 8

    Lesson 7: Numbers and Figures 21 to 30

    • Lesson 7

  • 9

    Lesson 8: Numbers and Figures 31 to 40

    • Lesson 8

  • 10

    Lesson 9: Numbers and Figures 31 to 40

    • Lesson 9

  • 11

    Lesson 10: Numbers and Figures 11 to 40 (Review)

    • Lesson 10

  • 12

    Lesson 11: Numbers and Figures 41 to 50

    • Lesson 11

  • 13

    Lesson 12: Numbers and Figures 51 to 60

    • Lesson 12

  • 14

    Lesson 13: Numbers and Figures 61 to 70

    • Lesson 13

  • 15

    Lesson 14: Numbers and Figures Through 70

    • Lesson 14A

    • Lesson 14B

  • 16

    Lesson 15: Numbers and Figures Through 70 (Review)

    • Lesson 15

  • 17

    Lesson 16: Numbers and Figures 71 to 80

    • Lesson 16

  • 18

    Lesson 17: Numbers and Figures 81 to 90

    • Lesson 17

  • 19

    Lesson 18: Numbers and Figures 91 to 100

    • Lesson 18

  • 20

    Lesson 19: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 19A

    • Lesson 19B

  • 21

    Lesson 20: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

    • Lesson 20

  • 22

    Lesson 21: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 21

  • 23

    Lesson 22: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 22

  • 24

    Lesson 23: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 23

  • 25

    Lesson 24: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 24

  • 26

    Lesson 25: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

    • Lesson 25

  • 27

    Lesson 26: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 26

  • 28

    Lesson 27: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 27

  • 29

    Lesson 28: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 28

  • 30

    Lesson 29: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100

    • Lesson 29

  • 31

    Lesson 30: Numbers and Figures 1 to 100 (Review)

    • Lesson 30

  • 32

    1st Grade Math - Test 1

    • Test 1

  • 33

    lesson 31: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

    • Lesson 31

  • 34

    Lesson 32: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

    • Lesson 32

  • 35

    Lesson 33: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

    • Lesson 33

  • 36

    Lesson 34: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

    • Lesson 34

  • 37

    Lesson 35: Oral Exercises Numbers to 5

    • Lesson 35

  • 38

    Lesson 36: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

    • Lesson 36

  • 39

    Lesson 37: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

    • Lesson 37

  • 40

    Lesson 38: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

    • Lesson 38

  • 41

    Lesson 39: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

    • Lesson 39

  • 42

    Lesson 40: Oral Exercises Numbers to 8

    • Lesson 40

  • 43

    Lesson 41: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

    • Lesson 41

  • 44

    Lesson 42: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

    • Lesson 42

  • 45

    Lesson 43: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

    • Lesson 43

  • 46

    Lesson 44: Oral Exercises Numbers to 10

    • Lesson 44A

    • Lesson 44B

  • 47

    1st Grade Math - Test 2

    • Test 2

  • 48

    Lesson 46: Addition

    • Lesson 46

  • 49

    Lesson 47: Addition

    • Lesson 47

  • 50

    Lesson 48: Addition

    • Lesson 48

  • 51

    Lesson 49: Addition

    • Lesson 49

  • 52

    Lesson 50: Addition

    • Lesson 50

  • 53

    Lesson 51: Addition

    • Lesson 51A

    • Lesson 51B

  • 54

    Lesson 52: Addition with the Number 1

    • Lesson 52

  • 55

    Lesson 53: Addition with the Number 1

    • 1st Grade Math - Lesson 53

  • 56

    Lesson 54: Addition with the Number 1

    • Lesson 54

  • 57

    Lesson 55: Addition with the Number 1 (Review)

    • 1st Grade Math - Lesson 55

  • 58

    Lesson 56: Addition with the Number 2

    • Lesson 56

  • 59

    Lesson 57: Addition with the Number 2

    • Lesson 57

  • 60

    Lesson 58: Addition with the Number 2

    • Lesson 58

  • 61

    Lesson 59: Addition with the Number 2

    • Lesson 59

  • 62

    Lesson 60: Addition with the Number 2 ( Review)

    • Lesson 60

  • 63

    Lesson 61: Addition with the Number 3

    • Lesson 61

  • 64

    Lesson 62: Addition with the Number 3

    • Lesson 62

  • 65

    Lesson 63: Addition with the Number 3

    • Lesson 63

  • 66

    Lesson 64: Addition with the Number 3

    • Lesson 65

  • 67

    Lesson 65: Addition with the Number 3 (Review)

    • Lesson 65

  • 68

    Lesson 66: Addition with the Number 4

    • Lesson 66

  • 69

    Lesson 67: Addition with the Number 4

    • Lesson 67

  • 70

    Lesson 68: Addition with the Number 4

    • Lesson 68

  • 71

    Lesson 69: Addition with the Number 4

    • Lesson 69

  • 72

    Lesson 70: Addition with the Number 4 (Review)

    • Lesson 70

  • 73

    Lesson 71: Addition with 5

    • Lesson 71

  • 74

    Lesson 72: Addition with 5

    • Lesson 72

  • 75

    Lesson 73: Addition with 5

    • Lesson 73

  • 76

    Lesson 74: Addition with 5

    • Lesson 74

  • 77

    Lesson 75: Addition with 5 (Review)

    • Lesson 75

  • 78

    Lesson 76: Addition with the Number 6

    • Lesson 76

  • 79

    Lesson 77: Addition with the Number 6

    • Lesson 77

  • 80

    Lesson 78: Addition with the Number 6

    • Lesson 78A

    • Lesson 78B

  • 81

    Lesson 79: Addition with the Number 6

    • Lesso 79

  • 82

    Lesson 80: Addition with the Number 6 (Review)

    • Lesson 80

  • 83

    Lesson 81: Addition with the Number 7

    • Lesson 81

  • 84

    Lesson 82: Addition with the Number 7

    • Lesson 82

  • 85

    Lesson 83: Addition with the Number 7

    • Lesson 83

  • 86

    Lesson 84: Addition with the Number 7

    • Lesson 84

  • 87

    Lesson 85: Addition with the Number 7 (Review)

    • Lesson 85

  • 88

    Lesson 86: Addition with the Number 8

    • Lesson 86

  • 89

    Lesson 87: Addition with the Number 8

    • Lesson 87

  • 90

    Lesson 88: Addition with the Number 8

    • Lesson 88

  • 91

    Lesson 89: Addition with the Number 8

    • Lesson 89

  • 92

    Lesson 90: Addition with the Number 9 (Review)

    • Lesson 90A

    • Lesson 90B

  • 93

    Lesson 91: Addition with the Number 9

    • Lesson 91

  • 94

    Lesson 92: Addition with the Number 9

    • Lesson 92

  • 95

    Lesson 93: Addition with the Number 9

    • Lesson 93

  • 96

    Lesson 94: Addition with the Number 9

    • Lesson 94

  • 97

    Lesson 95: Addition with the Number 9 (Review)

    • Lesson 95

  • 98

    Lesson 96: Addition with the Number 10

    • Lesson 96

  • 99

    Lesson 97: Addition with the Number 10

    • Lesson 97

  • 100

    Lesson 98: Addition with the Number 10

    • Lesson 98

  • 101

    Lesson 99: Addition with the Number 10

    • Lesson 99

  • 102

    Lesson 100: Addition with the Number 10 (Review)

    • Lesson 100

  • 103

    Lesson 101: Addition Review

    • Lesson 101

  • 104

    Lesson 102: Addition Review

    • Lesson 102A

    • Lesson 102B

  • 105

    Lesson 103: Addition Review

    • Lesson 103

  • 106

    Lesson 104: Addition Review

    • Lesson 104

  • 107

    Lesson 105: Addition Review

    • Lesson 105

  • 108

    Lesson 106: Addition Review

    • Lesson 106

  • 109

    Lesson 107: Addition Review

    • Lesson 107A

    • Lesson 107B

  • 110

    Lesson 108: Addition Review

    • Lesson 108A

    • Lesson 108B

  • 111

    Lesson 109: Addition Review

    • Lesson 109A

    • Lesson 109B

  • 112

    Lesson 110: Addition Review

    • Lesson 110

  • 113

    Lesson 111: Addition Review

    • Lesson 111

  • 114

    Lesson 112: Addition Review

    • Lesson 112

  • 115

    Lesson 113: Addition Review

    • Lesson 113

  • 116

    Lesson 114: Addition Review

    • Lesson 114

  • 117

    Lesson 115: Addition Review

    • Test 3A

    • Test 3B

  • 118

    Lesson 116: Subtraction

    • Lesson 116

  • 119

    Lesson 117: Subtraction

    • Lesson 117

  • 120

    Lesson 118: Subtraction

    • Lesson 118

  • 121

    Lesson 119: Subtraction

    • Lesson 119

  • 122

    Lesson 120: Subtraction (Review)

    • Lesson 120

  • 123

    Lesson 121: Subtraction with 1

    • Lesson 121A

    • Lesson 121B

  • 124

    Lesson 122: Subtraction with 1

    • Lesson 122

  • 125

    Lesson 123: Subtraction with 1

    • Lesson 123

  • 126

    Lesson 124: Subtraction with 1

    • Lesson 124

  • 127

    Lesson 125: Subtraction with 1 (Review)

    • Lesson 125

  • 128

    Lesson 126: Subtraction with 2

    • Lesson 126

  • 129

    Lesson 127: Subtraction with 2

    • Lesson 127

  • 130

    Lesson 128: Subtraction with 2

    • Lesson 128

  • 131

    Lesson 129: Subtraction with 2

    • Lesson 129

  • 132

    Lesson 130: Subtraction with 2

    • Lesson 130

  • 133

    Lesson 131: Subtraction with 3

    • Lesson 131

  • 134

    Lesson 132: Subtraction with 3

    • Lesson 132

  • 135

    Lesson 133: Subtraction with 3

    • Lesson 133

  • 136

    Lesson 134: Subtraction with 3

    • Lesson 134

  • 137

    Lesson 135: Subtraction with 3 (Review)

    • Lesson 135

  • 138

    Lesson 136: Subtraction with 4

    • Lesson 136

  • 139

    Lesson 137: Subtraction with 4

    • Lesson 137

  • 140

    Lesson 138: Subtraction with 4

    • Lesson 138

  • 141

    Lesson 139: Subtraction with 4

    • Lesson 139

  • 142

    Lesson 140: Subtraction with 4 (Review)

    • Lesson 140

  • 143

    Lesson 141: Subtraction with 5

    • Lesson 141

  • 144

    Lesson 142: Subtraction with 5

    • Lesson 142

  • 145

    Lesson 143: Subtraction with 5

    • Lesson 143

  • 146

    Lesson 144: Subtraction with 5

    • Lesson 144

  • 147

    Lesson 145: Subtracting with 5 (Review)

    • Lesson 145

  • 148

    Lesson 146: Subtraction with 6

    • Lesson 146

  • 149

    Lesson 147: Subtraction with 6

    • Lesson 147

  • 150

    Lesson 148: Subtraction with 6

    • Lesson 148

  • 151

    Lesson 149: Subtraction with 6

    • Lesson 149

  • 152

    Lesson 150: Subtraction with 6 (Review)

    • Lesson 150

  • 153

    Lesson 151: Subtraction with 7

    • Lesson 151

  • 154

    Lesson 152: Subtraction with 7

    • Lesson 152

  • 155

    Lesson 153: Subtraction with 7

    • Lesson 153

  • 156

    Lesson 154: Subtraction with 7

    • Lesson 154

  • 157

    Lesson 155: Subtraction with 7 (Review)

    • Lesson 155

  • 158

    Lesson 156: Subtraction with 8

    • Lesson 156

  • 159

    Lesson 157: Subtraction with 8

    • Lesson 157

  • 160

    Lesson 158: Subtraction with 8

    • Lesson 158

  • 161

    Lesson 159: Subtraction with 8

    • Lesson 159

  • 162

    Lesson 160: Subtraction with 8 (Review)

    • Lesson 160

  • 163

    Lesson 161: Subtraction with 9

    • Lesson 161

  • 164

    Lesson 162: Subtraction with 9

    • Lesson 162

  • 165

    Lesson 163: Subtraction with 9

    • Lesson 163

  • 166

    Lesson 164: Subtraction with 9

    • Lesson 164

  • 167

    Lesson 165: Subtraction with 9 (Review)

    • Lesson 165

  • 168

    Lesson 166: Subtraction with 10

    • Lesson 166

  • 169

    Lesson 167: Subtraction with 10

    • Lesson 167

  • 170

    Lesson 168: Subtraction with 10

    • Lesson 168

  • 171

    Lesson 169: Subtraction with 10

    • Lesson 169

  • 172

    Lesson 170: Subtraction with 10 (Review)

    • Lesson 170

  • 173

    Lesson 171: Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

    • Lesson 171

  • 174

    Lesson 172: Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

    • Lesson 172

  • 175

    Lesson 173: Addition and Subtraction Review (1 of 2)

    • Lesson 173

  • 176

    Lesson 174: Addition and Subtraction Review (2 of 2)

    • Lesson 174

  • 177

    Lesson 175: Addition and Subtraction Review

    • Lesson 175

  • 178

    Lesson 176: Subtraction Review

    • Lesson 176A

    • Lesson 176B

  • 179

    Lesson 177: Subtraction Review

    • Lesson 177

  • 180

    Lesson 178: Subtraction

    • Lesson 178

  • 181

    Lesson 179: Subtraction

    • Lesson 179

  • 182

    Lesson 180: Subtraction Unit Test

    • Test 4A

    • Test 4B